Make an appointment
Get treated by Dr. Shrutika Kankariya- one of the retina specialist. Asian Eye Hospital is India’s pioneering LASIK and advanced Cataract, Retinal treatment center
Sakar 10, 3rd floor, Above Fab India, Opposite Jehangir Hospital, Station Road,

Retinal Tears and Holes

The retina is specialized nerve tissue layer lining in the inner surface of the eye that senses light and helps you to see. The majority of the retina's surface area is considered peripheral retina. The peripheral retina is devoted to side vision, also known as peripheral vision. Some people have areas of thinning in the peripheral retina, known as lattice degeneration. The thinning can be severe enough that a retinal hole can develop. it is more common in myopic eyes.

Retinal tears and holes

What Causes Lattice Degeneration?

The cause is unknown but it is more common in people who are near-sighted (myopic) and tends to run in families

Why Should I Care About Lattice Degeneration?

Usually, retinal holes and lattice degeneration cause no visual symptoms and are diagnosed on a routine eye examination. If retina has tear or holes, it can separate from the back wall of the eye. This is called retinal detachment. This can cause you to lose sight suddenly.

Lattice Degeneration

Risk Factors For Retinal Detachment

Retinal Detachment

  • High myopia
  • Post cataract surgery
  • Ocular trauma
  • Retinal breaks
  • Lattice retinal degeneration
  • Personal or family history of retinal detachment

Symptoms Of Retinal Tears Include:

  • Floaters or specks in your vision.
  • Sudden onset of numerous floaters and photopsia are hallmarks of a potential retinal tear.
  • Complications may include vitreous haemorrhage, which is generally small, transient, And resolves without significant sequelae, and retinal detachment

Early Detection And Prevention

Early detection and treatment of a retinal tear may help to prevent the formation of a retinal detachment or the expansion of a pre-existing detachment. It can help reduce the risk of vision loss associated with larger or more central detachment requiring a complicated retinal surgery.

Treatment Of Peripheral Retinal Degeneration

Treatment of lattice is typically prophylactic. A “barrier” laser is applied to “tack down” the retina surrounding these lesions to avoid the possibility of retinal detachment. The laser is applied around the retinal tear or hole. Laser helps bond the retina to the wall of the eye, preventing a retinal detachment.

Advantages Of Opthalmic Lasers?

There is no risk of infection from the laser light.
Laser surgery can be performed in an outpatient setting allowing you to go home shortly after the procedure is finished.
The surgeon has great precision and control

Technique of laser therapy

Treatment is an outpatient procedure admission to hospital is not required. The patient sits at a slit lamp similar to that used in routine ophthalmic examination but modified to accept a laser fibreoptic cable. Drops are used to anaesthetize the cornea and a therapeutic contact lens is applied. As treatment is started, the patient experiences bright flashes of light but no pain. The eye must be kept as still as possible during treatment to ensure accurate application of the laser and to avoid damage to the fovea, a typical treatment takes about ten minutes.
Patient can communicate with the ophthalmologist in case of any discomfort so that the treatment can be safely interrupted. Commonly the patient is very dazzled after the treatment. No special precautions need to be taken after the laser. Additional eye drops or oral therapy may be required in certain needed. Patient can resume daily routine soon after the therapy.